The IOTA token is a cryptotoken built upon the Tangle technology. The token benifits from the advantages of this new Tangle architecture.The token operates on a permission-less Tangle network known as the Mainnet. Individuals are able to intereact with this network by operating a full node that is peered with neighbours. Alternatively they are able to public Mainnet nodes operated by a third party.
(3^33-1) / 2, which equals to a total number of IOTA’s of
2779530283277761. IOTA is specifically designed for machines, so this high supply makes IOTA optimal for tiny nano-transactions while still keeping efficiency in mind.
A Note in Trinary
// All possible tryte values var trytesAlphabet = "9ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
Because of the way that Kerl works, a single hash always consists of 81-trytes (81 characters) – sometimes it can be 90-trytes (including 9-tryte checksum).